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Acacia juncifolia Benth.
Family Fabaceae
Subfamily Mimosoideae
Common name: rush-leaved wattle

Acacia juncifolia Benth. APNI*

Synonyms: Racosperma juncifolium (Benth.) Pedley APNI*
Acacia juncifolia Benth. subsp. juncifolia APNI*
Acacia pinifolia Benth. APNI*

Description: Erect or spreading shrub 1–2.5 m high; bark dark grey to blackish or brownish grey; branchlets ± terete, glabrous.

Phyllodes ± rigid, linear, straight to curved, 7–20 cm long (mostly >10 cm long), c. 1 mm wide, terete to ± 4-angled or flat, glabrous, subglaucous, longitudinally wrinkled when dry, the midvein ± prominent, slightly raised when dry, the apex acute, not pungent; 1 gland near base; pulvinus 1–2 mm long.

Inflorescences 1–3 in axil of phyllodes or on an axillary axis to 2 mm long; peduncles 3–12 mm long, glabrous; heads globose, 20–30-flowered, 3–6 mm diam., yellow to deep yellow.

Pods straight to slightly curved, ± flat except prominently raised over seeds, submoniliform, 5–10 cm long, 3–4 mm wide, firmly papery to thinly leathery, slightly longitudinally wrinkled, glabrous; seeds longitudinal, 3.5–4.5 mm long; funicle filiform.

Photo T.M. Tame

Photo T.M. Tame

Photo A.E. Orme

Flowering: June–November.

Distribution and occurrence: widespread; occurs west to Gilgandra and north from Glenbrook area.

Grows in woodland and dry sclerophyll forest communities, in sandy soils.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, NWS, CWS, NWP
Other Australian states: Qld
AVH map***

The name is from the Latin juncus (rush) and folium (a leaf), which refers to the narrow, relatively long phyllodes appearing rush-like. Acacia juncifolia may be confused with A. calamifolia which usually has a racemose inflorescence and a curved phyllode apex (T.M. Tame, Acacias of Southeast Australia, 1992).

Text by P.G. Kodela (last updated June 2012)
Taxon concept:

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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