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Androcalva rossii (Guymer) C.F.Wilkins & Whitlock
Family Malvaceae
Androcalva rossii (Guymer) C.F.Wilkins & Whitlock APNI*

Synonyms: Commersonia rossii Guymer APNI*

Description: Small tree or shrub, erect, 4–8 m high, with golden-brown to ferruginous, stellate hairs

Leaves ovate, 1.6–10.8 cm long, 7–34 mm wide, apex acuminate, margin slightly recurved, irregularly serrate or serrulate or lobed, base more or less unequal; upper surface with scattered, white, sessile, stellate hairs with 3–6 erect arms, lower surface and mid-vein with sessile, white or pale brown centred stellate hairs with c. 6 erect arms; petiole 4.5–15.2 mm long.

Inflorescences cymes, 13–21-flowered, as long or usually longer than petioles. Calyx 2.6–5.1 mm long. Petals 2–5.3 mm long, cream-coloured or white throughout.

Capsule 14–18 mm diam., wings conspicuous, up to 4 mm wide, stellate hairs beneath moderately dense setae throughout; fruits summer.

Distribution and occurrence: Occurs along the Great Dividing Range between Sydney and Mt Imlay, into Victoria.

Grows on rocky hillsides or along creek and river banks, also in low open heathland, open eucalypt forest or littoral rainforest, in skeletal soil, sandy loam over trachyte or rhyolite, or deep soil on sandstone.
NSW subdivisions: SC, ST
AVH map***

This species was previously included in the genus Commersonia. It was transferred to the genus Androcalva, see Wilkins, C.F. & Whitlock, B.A. (2011), A new Australian genus, Androcalva, separated from Commersonia (Malvaceae s.l. or Byttneriaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 24(5): 339-340.

Also refer G.P. Guymer (2005), Austrobaileya 7(1): 238-239

Text by B.J. Conn (2014); A.E. Orme (2020)
Taxon concept: Wilkins and Whitlock (2011)

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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