Anthosachne fertilis (S.Wang ex S.W.L.Jacobs & Barkworth) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs APNI*
|Anthosachne fertilis (S.Wang ex S.W.L.Jacobs & Barkworth) Barkworth & S.W.L.Jacobs ||Family Poaceae|
Synonyms: Elymus fertilis S.Wang ex S.W.L.Jacobs & Barkworth APNI*
Elymus sp. A sensu Wheeler et al., Grasses NSW 3rd edn (2002) APNI*
Description: Caespitose perennials to c. 1 m tall.
Sheaths glabrous or hairy; auricles 0–1.-9 mm long; ligule 0.4–0.5 mm long, membranous; blade flat, 1.8–5 mm wide.
Inflorescence spicate, to 70 cm long, with 5–10 spikelets solitary at each node. Spikelets 26–40 mm long, 4–9-flowered, Glumes subequal, lower 4.8–6.1 mm long, 4–5-nerved; upper glume 5.6–7 mm long, 4–6-nerved, with an awn 1–1.5 mm long. Lemmas 8.5–10 mm long, 5-nerved, glabrous or scabrous, awned, the awns remaining straight when dry; lowest lemma with an awn 2–7.5 mm long, remaining lemmas with an awn 4.4–14.5 mm long; palea c. 90% lemma length. Caryopsis 67–73% palea length.
Distribution and occurrence: Grows in open areas on dark brown basaltic soils or good alluvial soils.
NSW subdivisions: NWP
Other Australian states: Qld
Text by Jacobs, S.W.L., Whalley, R.D.B. & Wheeler, D.J.B., Grasses of New South Wales, Fourth Edition (2008), as Elymus fertilis.
Taxon concept: Barkworth, M.E. & Jacobs, S.W.L. (2011). The Triticeae (Gramineae) in Australasia. Telopea. 13 (1-2): 37-56.
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