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Anthosachne scabra (R.Br.) Nevski
Family Poaceae
Common name: Wheatgrass, Common Wheatgrass

Anthosachne scabra (R.Br.) Nevski APNI*

Synonyms: Triticum scabrum R.Br. APNI*
Agropyron scabrum (Labill.) P.Beauv. APNI*
Agropyron scabrum var. scabrum (Labill.) P.Beauv. APNI*
Anthosachne australasica var. scabra (R.Br.) C.Yen & J.L.Yang APNI*
Elymus scaber (R.Br.) A.Löve subsp. scaber APNI*
Elymus scaber var. scaber (R.Br.) A.Löve APNI*
Elymus scaber (R.Br.) A.Löve APNI*
Festuca scabra Labill. APNI*
Festuca brauniana (Nees) Walp. APNI*
Festuca billardierei Steud. APNI*
Roegneria scabra (R.Br.) J.L.Yang & C.Yen APNI*
Elymus scabrus orth. var. APNI*

Description: Loosely tufted perennial to 1.5 m tall.

Leaves with blade flat or rolled, 2–5 mm wide, the upper margins and surface scabrous, the lower smooth and shiny or hirsute.

Inflorescence a slender, often curved spike, 9–25 cm long. Spikelets solitary, scarcely overlapping, the flat side against the axis, 6–12-flowered, 15–35 mm long (excluding awns). Glumes unequal, obtuse to acuminate, lower 3–6-nerved, upper 4–8-nerved, scabrous on the nerves. Lemmas rounded on the back, faintly 5-nerved, 8–12 mm long, scabrous, tapering into a scabrid awn 6–60 mm long (awns becoming flexuous at maturity). Anthers 2–3 mm long.

Photo L. von Richter



Flowering: mainly late winter to summer.

Distribution and occurrence: mainly coast and tablelands with scattered records westward.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST, NWS, CWS, SWS, NWP, SWP
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Tas. S.A. W.A.
AVH map***

Text by S.W.L. Jacobs & S.M. Hastings, Flora of New South Wales Vol. 4 (1993); S.W.L. Jacobs, R.D.B. Whalley & D.J.B. Wheeler, Grasses of New South Wales, Fourth Edition (2008); as Elymus scaber.
Taxon concept: Barkworth, M.E. & Jacobs, S.W.L. (2011). The Triticeae (Gramineae) in Australasia. Telopea. 13 (1-2): 37-56.

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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