Common name: hoop pine
Araucaria cunninghamii Mudie APNI*
Description: Tree to 50 m high with stem to 1.5 m diam.; bark dark greyish brown, horizontally wrinkled; leaves clustered at the end of branches.
Leaves curved, keeled, ± erect, mostly 0.5–1 cm long, loosely imbricate; juvenile leaves needle-like, flattened, mostly 1–2 cm long, ± at right angles to the branches.
Male cones cylindrical, to 5 cm long, terminal, solitary. Female cones ovoid, c. 10 cm long on long peduncles, the cone scales samara-like, thinly winged, indehiscent, the seed retained on the scale at shedding; cones green, turning brown at maturity, seeds shed in summer.
Distribution and occurrence: in warmer rainforest, often as emergents; north from Nambucca R.
NSW subdivisions: NC
Other Australian states: Qld
Only var. cunninghamii occurs in Australia, var. papuana is confined to New Guinea. K.L. Gibbons, 21 Jan. 2021.
Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 1 (1990)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.