Common name: Madrid Brome
Bromus madritensis L. APNI*
Description: Short-lived tufted annual to 0.6 m high; culms slender, glabrous, erect or geniculate.
Leaves with sheath villous to puberulent or glabrescent; ligule laciniate, 1–2.5 mm long; blade 2–5 mm wide, puberulent to pubescent, scabrous.
Panicle dense, brush-like, erect or lax, 4–14 cm long; branches 1–3 or more cm long, most being visible; peduncles glabrous or pubescent. Spikelets becoming wedge-shaped and open, erect, 7–15-flowered, 30–60 mm long including awns. Glumes acute to acuminate, lower narrow-lanceolate, 1-nerved, 6–15 mm long; upper lanceolate, 3-nerved, 9–24 mm long. Lemmas keeled, inrolled at maturity, 12–22 mm long with apical teeth to 2.5 mm long; awn slender, subapical, 14–30 mm long. Palea 60–75% the length of the lemma.
Flowering: spring or in response to rain.
Distribution and occurrence: Grows on sandy soil, especially in drier areas; widespread. Native of Medit. region.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *NT, *CT, *ST, *NWS, *SWS, *NWP, *SWP, *NFWP, *SFWP
Other Australian states: *Qld *Vic. *Tas. *W.A. *S.A.
'Seeds' may cause a problem to grazing sheep.
Text by S.W.L. Jacobs & S.M. Hastings; edits J.R. Hosking (pers. comm. July 2016)
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.