Common name: Club-fruit Lily, Sand Lily, Antler Zigzag Lily
Corynotheca licrota R.J.F.Hend. APNI*
Description: Tufted, herbaceous or shrub-like, rhizomatous perennial; roots fibrous.
Leaves linear, 5–30(-60) cm long, 2.5–4.1(–9) mm wide, persistent during flowering; lamina flat or complicate.
Inflorescence to 70 cm high; peduncle erect; major branches divergent at 130–160°; lowest branch 10–25 c. from rhizome; racemules ± straight, erect or ascending, 7.5–30 cm long; internodes 4–25 mm long; flowers solitary (rairly paired); lower bracts linear subulate, 4–20 cm long; uppermost bracts 1.5–7 mm long; pedicels 1.2–2.6 mm long. Perianth 4.3–6 mm long, white with pinkish to brown midrib; outer tepals oblong; inner tepals elliptic, emarginate. Stamens with filaments straight, 1.7–2.2 mm long, minutely papillose; anthers 0.5–0.8 mm long.
Capsule pendent, ovoid to obovoid, to 7.5 mm long; seeds 1–5, 2–2.5 mm long, smooth, shallowly pitted or ± wrinkled, ± shiny; caruncle irregular, the lobes free, antler-like.
Flowering: mostly September–February, but also April and August
Distribution and occurrence: Usually grows in low rainfall areas on sandy plains.
NSW subdivisions: NWP, NFWP, SFWP
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. W.A. S.A. N.T.
flowering is probably influenced by specific daily conditions, especially heat, so they may close early unless conditions are favourable. The seasonality of flowering appears to be heavily influenced by rainfall and soil moisture.
Text by S. McCune, D. W. Hardin & R. L. Barrett, updated Apr. 2021.
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.