Longevity 10--20 years.
Primary juvenile period 3 years (Keith 1996).
Flowers Cream--white, July--January, peak September.
Fruit/seed Capsule 3.5 mm long, average seed weight 0.03 mg (J. Howell pers. comm.), July--January.
Dispersal, establishment and growth Diaspore: seed, no special dispersal morphology (Westoby et al 1990), soil-stored seedbank. Non-dormant fraction of total seed crop 15%, minimum temperature for maximum germination ca 60íC , recruitment mainly after fire (D. Keith pers. comm.).
Fire response Killed by fire , recruits from soil-stored seed; seedling noted within 38 weeeks of high intensity fire (at Lane Cove River 1/1994, P. Kubiak pers. comm.).
Sedge swamp, moist cliff lines.
Altitude 0--1000 m
Annual rainfall 900--1600 mm
Typical local abundance Frequent--occasional.
Vegetation Wet heath and sedgeland e.g. with Gleichenia dicarpa, Banksia robur, Lepidosperma limicola, Baeckea linifolia, Empodisma minus, Banksia ericifolia.
Substrate Sandy soil on sandstone, low nutrients, poorly-drained sites.
Exposure Full sun to light shade.
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.