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Fumaria officinalis L.
Family Papaveraceae
Common name: Common Fumitory

Fumaria officinalis L. APNI*

Description: Robust or slender suberect annual 15–50 cm high.

Leaves variously pinnatisect, segments lanceolate to ovate, >2 mm wide, flat.

Inflorescence longer than peduncle, 10–30-flowered, (for subspecies see key); bracts shorter than fruiting pedicels. Sepals 1.5–3.5 mm long, irregularly toothed. Corolla usually 7–9 mm long, purple-pink; wings of upper petal and apex of inner ones black-red; wing exceeding keel; lower petal spathulate with spreading margin.

Fruit ± wrinkled, truncate or emarginate at apex, with base about as broad as pedicel tip.

Distribution and occurrence: widespread weed. Native of Eur.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *CT, *ST, *CWS, *NWP, *SWP
Other Australian states: *Qld *S.A. *Tas.
AVH map***

Fumaria formerly placed in family Fumariaceae.

Text by G.J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the subspecies 
1Inflorescence mostly >20-flowered; sepals mostly 2–3.5 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide; smaller in cleistogamous or end-of-season flowers. Flowers spring to summersubsp. officinalis
Inflorescence 10–20-flowered; sepals 1.5–2 mm long, 1 mm wide. Flowers wintersubsp. wirtgenii

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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