Common name: Common Fumitory
Fumaria officinalis L. APNI*
Description: Robust or slender suberect annual 15–50 cm high.
Leaves variously pinnatisect, segments lanceolate to ovate, >2 mm wide, flat.
Inflorescence longer than peduncle, 10–30-flowered, (for subspecies see key); bracts shorter than fruiting pedicels. Sepals 1.5–3.5 mm long, irregularly toothed. Corolla usually 7–9 mm long, purple-pink; wings of upper petal and apex of inner ones black-red; wing exceeding keel; lower petal spathulate with spreading margin.
Fruit ± wrinkled, truncate or emarginate at apex, with base about as broad as pedicel tip.
Distribution and occurrence: widespread weed. Native of Eur.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *CT, *ST, *CWS, *NWP, *SWP
Other Australian states: *Qld *S.A. *Tas.
Fumaria formerly placed in family Fumariaceae.
Text by G.J. Harden
| ||Key to the subspecies|| |
|1||Inflorescence mostly >20-flowered; sepals mostly 2–3.5 mm long, 1–1.5 mm wide; smaller in cleistogamous or end-of-season flowers. Flowers spring to summer||subsp. officinalis|
|Inflorescence 10–20-flowered; sepals 1.5–2 mm long, 1 mm wide. Flowers winter||subsp. wirtgenii|
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.