Common name: Ox-tongue
Helminthotheca echioides (L.) Holub APNI*
Synonyms: Picris echioides L. APNI*
Description: Erect annual or biennial to 30–100 cm high.
Basal leaves elliptic to oblanceolate, up to 4–25 cm long, 1–10 cm wide, narrowed to a petiole-like base; lower cauline leaves similar but with base stem-clasping; upper cauline leaves lanceolate to ovate, sessile, stem-clasping.
Heads numerous, 10–15 mm diam., in clusters forming a panicle. Corolla yellow, sometimes with red stripe on outer face.
Achene body ellipsoid, c. 3 mm long, with a slender beak c. 3 mm long; pappus 4–5 mm long.
Distribution and occurrence: Minor weed, from Wallangarra to Deniliquin district. Native of Eur., Asia, Afr.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC, *CT, *ST, *NWS, *SWP
Other Australian states: *Qld *Vic. *Tas. *W.A. *S.A.
Text by E. A. Brown
Taxon concept: S. Holzapfel (1994)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.