Common name: jacaranda
Jacaranda mimosifolia D.Don APNI*
Description: Tree to 15 m (–20) high, deciduous in early spring.
Leaves opposite, bipinnate, (11–) 15–33 cm long; pinnae (6–) 10–20 pairs, (2.5–) 5–10 cm long, opposite or subopposite; pinnules (6–) 12–24 pairs and a terminal pinnule (often lost on dried specimens), narrowly elliptic or narrowly elliptic-oblong (terminal pinnule often lanceolate), 3–12 (–15) mm long, 1–4 mm wide, thin, paler below, sessile, apex acute to acuminate, margin slightly revolute.
Inflorescence a terminal panicle, calyx narrow-campanulate, corolla tubular-campanulate, blue-purple with a whitish throat, pubescent on the outside, 2–5 cm long, to 2 cm wide.
Fruit a woody, orbicular or ovate-oblong compressed, red-brown capsule, to 8 cm long/wide, splitting in two, apex with a mucronate point; seeds surrounded with a membranous wing.
Flowering: mainly in November.
Distribution and occurrence: native of Argentina and Bolivia. Widely cultivated. Naturalised in N.S.W. (e.g. locally naturalised plants occur near cultivated trees near the rail line in the Lower Blue Mountains and western Sydney) and Qld.
NSW subdivisions: *NC
Other Australian states: *Qld
There are white-flowered forms in cultivation, e.g. Jacaranda mimosifolia 'Alba' and 'White Christmas'.
Text by (last revised by) P.G. Kodela, May 2017
Taxon concept: Australian Plant Census (accessed May 2017)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.