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Leontodon rhagadioloides (L.) Enke & Zidorn
Family Asteraceae
Common name: Cretan Weed

Leontodon rhagadioloides (L.) Enke & Zidorn APNI*

Synonyms: Hedypnois rhagadioloides (L.) F.W.Schmidt APNI*
Hedypnois rhagadioloides subsp. cretica (L.) Hayek APNI*
Hedypnois cretica (L.) Willd. APNI*
Hedypnois cretica (L.) Dum.Cours. APNI*
Hedypnois rhagadioloides (L.) F.W.Schmidt subsp. rhagadioloides APNI*

Description: Soft herbaceous annual, 3–50 cm high; stems subglabrous to hispid.

Basal leaves oblanceolate to oblong, to c. 20 cm long, 8–40 mm wide, apex obtuse, margins toothed or entire; cauline leaves elliptic to lanceolate, smaller, ± stem-clasping; scabrous.

Peduncles hollow, 2–8 cm long, swollen below involucre; heads c. 10 mm diam.; inner involucral bracts 10–16, narrow-lanceolate.

Achenes 5–9 mm long, ± incurved; pappus of outer achenes c. 1 mm long; pappus of inner achenes with 5 or 6 awns, 3–6 mm long.


Flowering: spring.

Distribution and occurrence: Native of Mediterranean region.

Weed of mixed pastures and disturbed areas, mainly west of the ranges.
NSW subdivisions: *CC, *SC, *NT, *ST, *NWS, *CWS, *SWS, *NWP, *SWP, *NFWP, *SFWP
Other Australian states: *Qld *Vic. *Tas. *S.A. *W.A.
AVH map***

An extremely variable species with many infraspecific taxa recognized in the Mediterranean region, so the two previously recognised subspecies (under Hedypnois rhagadioloides) have not been maintained.

Text by L. Murray, edited C. Herscovitch Aug 2008 & PG Wilson Sept 2019.
Taxon concept:

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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