Common name: Scarlet Pimpernel, Blue Pimpernel
Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb. APNI*
Synonyms: Anagallis arvensis L. APNI*
Anagallis arvensis subsp. arvensis L. APNI*
Anagallis arvensis var. caerulea (L.) Gouan APNI*
Anagallis caerulea L. APNI*
Description: Perennial or annual, without rosettes, not stoloniferous; stems creeping to weakly erect, 5–30 cm long, glabrous, angular with 4 prominent longitudinal keels.
Leaves opposite, ovate to oblong-ovate, occasionally narrowly so, usually 5–25 mm long; sessile.
Flowers axillary, solitary, pedicel lacking bract. Corolla 5-lobed, 5–12 mm diam., red, pink, orange or blue, petals longer than sepals. Filaments villous with multicellular hairs; staminodes lacking.
Capsule 5-ridged, 3–5 mm diam., circumsciss.
Distribution and occurrence: Widespread in pastures, disturbed sites and creek banks. Native of Eur., W Asia., N Afr.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC, *NT, *CT, *ST, *NWS, *CWS, *SWS, *NWP, *SWP, *NFWP, *SFWP, *LHI
Other Australian states: *Qld *Vic. *Tas. *W.A. *S.A.
Formerly in Myrsinaceae. Anagallis foemina Mill. has been misapplied to Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U.Manns & Anderb. (formerly Anagallis arvensis L.).
Text by R.O. Makinson (Flora of NSW Vol. 1, 1990), as Anagallis arvensis
Taxon concept: Manns, U. & Anderberg, A.A. (2009), New combinations and names in Lysimachia (Myrsinaceae) for species of Anagallis, Pelletiera and Trientalis. Willdenowia 39: 49-54; accepted name by APC (CHAH 2014)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.