Common name: Buckthorn
Rhamnus alaternus L. APNI*
Description: Spreading evergreen tall shrub, glabrous.
Leaves ovate to elliptic, 2.5–4 cm long, 1–2.5 cm wide, margins regularly toothed, both surfaces glabrous, domatia often present in the first and second lateral veins on the lower surface; upper surface glossy: petiole 2–8 mm long.
Inflorescences axillary, 5–10 mm long. Flowers < 3 mm long, greenish.
Fruit globose, 3–5 mm diam., red at first, maturing blue-black, usually containing 3 nutlets.
Flowering: Flowers in early spring.
Distribution and occurrence: Sometimes cultivated, occasionally naturalized. Native of Eur.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC, *CT, *ST, *CWS
Text by G. J. Harden; updated Louisa Murray Nov 2013
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 1 (1990)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.