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Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla
Family Cyperaceae
Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla APNI*

Synonyms: Scirpus pungens Vahl APNI*
Scirpus americanus auct. non Pers. APNI*

Description: Perennial with long rhizome.

Culms triquetrous, 20–60 cm high, to 3 mm diam.

Leaves with blade to 20 cm long. Inflorescence a cluster of 1–5 spikelets; involucral bract 3–6 cm long. Spikelets ovoid, acute, 6–10 (rarely to 35) mm long, 3–5 mm diam. Glumes strongly retuse, mucronate, 4–5 mm long, ciliate or glabrous, dark red-brown. Style 3-fid. Hypogynous bristles 5 or 6, retrorsely scabrous, as long as or shorter than the nut.

Nut obovoid, plano-convex, more than half as long as the glume, c. 3 mm long, c. 2 mm diam., grey-brown to very dark brown, smooth, shining or not.

Flowering: spring.

Distribution and occurrence: Grows in swampy situations, including mound springs; very scattered, most records from Goulburn to Cooma, with an apparent outlier at Peery Lake (NFWP).
NSW subdivisions: CC, CT, ST, CWS, SWS, NFWP
Other Australian states: Vic. Tas. S.A.
AVH map***

Text by K. L. Wilson (1993); edited KL Wilson (Dec 2015)
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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