Common name: Leafy Panic
Urochloa foliosa (R.Br.) R.D.Webster APNI*
Synonyms: Brachiaria foliosa (R.Br.) Hughes APNI*
Description: Perennial with decumbent culms to 1 m long from a knotted rootstock.
Leaves with sheath with short soft tubercle-based hairs; ligule a dense row of short cilia; blade 4–18 mm wide, ± densely hirsute to pubescent, margins whitish thickened, usually ± undulate.
Racemes to 10, 4–9 cm long, sometimes the lower with a few short branches, bearing distant spikelets singly or sometimes in pairs. Spikelets 5–6.5 mm long, constricted into a short stipitate base, pubescent. Lower glume c. 50% as long as the spikelet, constricted and grooved around the stipe, sparsely pubescent or glabrous, adaxial, mostly 7–11-nerved; upper glume stipitate, prominently 7–9-nerved. Lower lemma similar to the upper glume, prominently 5–7-nerved; palea present. Fertile floret striate-rugulose, constricted into a broad stipe-like base, c. 4 mm long, not mucronate.
Distribution and occurrence: Grows in woodland on good soil.
NSW subdivisions: NC, NWS, NWP
Other Australian states: Qld
Text by Jacobs, S.W.L., Whalley, R.D.B. & Wheeler, D.J.B.
Taxon concept: Grasses of New South Wales, Fourth Edition (2008).
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.