PlantNET Home PlantNET Home | Search NSW Flora | Contact Us  
FloraOnline
Introduction
Plant Name Search
Index Search
Spatial Search
Identification Keys
Classification
Glossary
HerbLink (Type Images)
WeedAlert
Other PlantNET Sites
Other Data Sources
NEW SOUTH WALES FLORA ONLINE Printable Page

Family Asphodelaceae

Synonyms: Aloeaceae APNI*

Description: Mostly perennial or annual herbs with or without bulbous rhizome or shrubby and with a stem up to several metres high.

Leaves cauline or basal, linear to triangular, hollow or solid, venation longitudinal, sessile. Scape hollow, usually smooth, sometimes woody; inflorescence a raceme or panicle, simple or branched; flowers pedicellate; bracts scarious, with 1–several dark veins, persistent at base of pedicels, branches and sometimes along branches.

Flowers actinomorphic or sometimes zygomorphic, 3-merous, bisexual. Tepals 6, in 2 whorls, equal or unequal, free or ± fused into a tube; tepals or lobes spreading to varying degrees. Stamens 6; filaments free, glabrous or with conspicuous hairs; anthers dorsifixed to ± basifixed, versatile, introrse, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary superior, 3-locular; ovules 1–numerous per loculus, placentation axile; style solitary; stigma entire or lobed.

Fruit a loculicidal capsule; seeds black, silver-grey, brown or red-brown.


Distribution and occurrence: World: at least 17 genera, c. 814 species, Asia, Europe, Africa, Australia. Australia: 5 genera, 11 species, all States.

External links:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae, Order: Asparagales)
Wikipedia

These genera have often been included in the Liliaceae s. lat.; recent studies suggest that this family should be broadened to include Xanthorrhoeaceae and Hemerocallidaceae.

Text by D. C. Godden (1993); edited KL Wilson (July 2015)
Taxon concept:

 Key to the genera 
1Flowers white; inflorescence a simple or branched panicle2
Flowers yellow to red; inflorescence a raceme3
2Base of leaves broadened and membranous; leaves hollow; scape hollow; inflorescence a simple panicle; ovules 1 or 2 per loculusAsphodelus
Base of leaves surrounded by membranous sheaths; leaves hollow at base; scape usually solid; inflorescence a divaricately branched panicle; ovules more than 2 per loculus
                       Back to 1
Trachyandra
3Perianth 4–25 mm long; tepals yellow with brown central stripe; capsule globose to obovoidBulbine
Perianth more than 25 mm long; tepals red, salmon-orange or yellow-green; capsule linear to oblong or ovoid
                       Back to 1
4
4Leaves fleshy, succulent, without distinct keel, more than 4 cm wide; margins sharply toothed with teeth 0.5–5 mm long; bracts several-veinedAloe
Leaves papery and thin (often fibrous), distinctly keeled, less than 3 cm wide; margins smooth to minutely toothed or with a few scattered teeth towards apex; bracts 1-veined
                       Back to 3
Kniphofia

  Privacy | Copyright | Disclaimer | About PlantNET | Cite PlantNET