Description: Shrubs or small trees, rarely herbs.
Leaves opposite, simple; mostly without stipules but opposite leaves basally joined by a ridge.
Inflorescences cymose. Flowers zygomorphic or actinomorphic, bisexual, 4- or 5-merous. Calyx 4- or 5-toothed. Corolla tubular 5- or 4-lobed, sometimes 2-lipped. Stamens 4 or 5, epipetalous, alternate with corolla lobes; anthers 2-locular, dorsifixed and versatile, dehiscence by longitudinal slits. Ovary inferior, loculi 2–5 or rarely more; ovules 1–many per loculi; style simple; stigma capitate.
Fruit a fleshy berry or drupe or an achene or capsule.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 11 genera, 450 species, northern temperate regions & tropical mountains. Australia: 4 genera, 5 species, Qld, N.S.W., Vic., Tas.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Caprifoliaceae, Order: Dipsacales)
A number of species are commonly grown as ornamentals.
Text by G. J. Harden (1990); edited KL Wilson (August 2008)
| ||Key to the genera|| |
|+||Also naturalised in NSW; to be added to key||Symphoricarpos|
|+||Also naturalised in NSW; to be added to key||Abelia|
|1||Corolla distinctly 2-lipped; climbers or scramblers, rarely erect shrubs; apex of leaves short-acuminate to obtuse||Lonicera|
|Corolla more or less equally 5-lobed; erect shrubs; apex of leaves long-acuminate||Leycesteria|