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Family Dracaenaceae

Description: Predominantly large rosette herbs or trees with a woody trunk or trunkless; stem short and partly subterranean; rootstock usually a rhizome.

Leaves [crowded at end of aerial branches] or from apex of a mostly subterranean rhizome, ± succulent, narrow-linear to ovate and sessile, sometimes ± terete, margins entire, veins parallel; stipules lacking.

Inflorescence usually a raceme or panicle, pedunculate. Flowers articulated on the pedicel, actinomorphic, 3-merous, bisexual. Tepals 6, equal, united in a tube. Stamens 6; filaments inserted at base of lobes; anthers dorsifixed, epipeltate, introrse, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Ovary superior, 3-locular; ovule 1 per loculus; style slender; stigma capitate to 3-lobed.

Fruit a berry; seeds 1–3, globose or elongate.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 3 genera, c. 250 species, subtropical to tropical regions of Africa, Asia & Australia. Australia: 2 genera, 2 species, N.S.W., Qld, N.T.

External links:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Asparagaceae, Order: Asparagales)
Wikipedia

These genera are sometimes included in the family Agavaceae, and Dracaenaceae is sometimes treated as a synonym of Asparagaceae.

A number of species of Dracaena are cultivated as ornamental plants, especially D. draco (L.) L., the Dragon Tree, from the Canary Is.

Text by N. Frischknecht
Taxon concept:

One genus in NSW: Sansevieria

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