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Family Luzuriagaceae

Description: Dioecious perennial vines or herbs; stems usually smooth, tendrils absent.

Leaves alternate, lamina with numerous longitudinal veins, base not sheathing but sometimes twisted; petiole usually short; stipules lacking.

Inflorescence axillary or terminal, pedunculate, flowers solitary or in few- to several-flowered cymes. Flowers actinomorphic, 3-merous, bisexual. Tepals 6, in 2 whorls, inner ones sometimes fringed. Stamens usually 6; filaments free or fused basally; anthers introrse, dehiscing by pores or slits. Ovary superior, usually 3-locular; ovules few–numerous, in 2 rows per loculus; stigma sessile minutely 3-lobed.

Fruit a berry or a fleshy capsule; seeds 1–many, arillate.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 5 gen., 8 spp., southern Afr., S Amer., Aust., N.Z., N.Cal., SE Asia. Aust.: 3 gen., 4 spp., Qld, N.S.W., Vic., Tas.

External links:
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Alstroemeriaceae, Order: Liliales)
Wikipedia

Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the genera 
1Vines with twining stems to more than 100 cm long2
Erect herbs with stems less than 50 cm highDrymophila
2Leaves with base twisted into an obscure petiole, both surfaces dull, with several equally distinct longitudinal veins; outer tepals fringed; fruit a capsuleEustrephus
Leaves with base twisted into a distinct petiole, twisted, upper surface glossy, lower surface dull, midvein much more prominent than the other longitudinal veins; tepals entire; fruit a berry
                       Back to 1
Geitonoplesium

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