Description: Small shrubs or tufted perennial herbs, or rarely small annuals.
Leaves simple, alternate, whorled or rarely the lower opposite, cauline or rarely radical, margins entire or toothed; stipules absent.
Inflorescence terminal, elongated spikes, racemes or corymbose panicles, or sometimes lateral towards end of branches. Flowers zygomorphic, bisexual, 5-merous. Calyx fused and usually 5-lobed or 2- or 3-lobed or spathaceous. Corolla tubular, usually 5-lobed, sometimes 2-lipped. Stamens 4, didynamous, epipetalous; anthers versatile, 1-locular, dehiscing by longitudinal slits. Disc present, variable. Ovary superior, 2-locular or rarely by abortion 1-locular; style terminal, filiform; ovules solitary.
Fruit indehiscent, sometimes separating into 2 1-seeded nutlets.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 10 genera, c. 240 species, chiefly southern Africa. Australia: 3 genera, 5 species, N.S.W., S.A., W.A.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (Family: Scrophulariaceae, Order: Lamiales)
Text by G. J. Harden
| ||Key to the genera|| |
|1||Calyx spathaceous; bracts more than 3 mm long; flowers in elongated spikes||Hebenstretia|
|Calyx 5-lobed; bracts less than 3 mm long; flowers in corymbs or panicles||Selago|