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Genus Avicennia Family Acanthaceae

Description: Mangroves, shrubs or trees, with pneumatophores.

Leaves opposite and decussate, simple; stipules absent.

Inflorescences axillary or terminal, cymose, spicate or subcapitate; flowers sessile, surrounded by a persistent scale-like bract and 2 bracteoles. Flowers actinomorphic, bisexual. Sepals 5, almost free. Corolla campanulate-rotate, 4-lobed. Stamens 4, inserted in throat of corolla tube. Ovary superior, with free central placenta; ovules 4.

Fruit a capsule, dehiscent by 2 valves; 1-seeded by abortion; viviparous.


Photo © ANBG

Distribution and occurrence: World: 5 species, tropical & subtropical regions, widespread. Australia: 2 species, mainland States.

Formerly classified in its own Family, the Avicenniaceae.

Text by J. Everett
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Avicennia marina

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