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Genus Diospyros Family Ebenaceae

Description: Dioecious trees or shrubs.

Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, branchlets often zigzag; frequently minute translucent dots visible in thinner leaves, not aromatic when crushed.

Flowers usually 3–5-merous; calyx persistent and often markedly enlarged in fruit.

Fruit a ± succulent berry.


Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 400 species, mainly tropical & subtropical regions. Australia: c. 15 species, Qld, N.S.W., N.T., W.A.

Text by G. J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Leaves yellowish green on lower surface, glabrous or glabrescent; buds pubescent, young stems and leaves glabrous or minutely pubescent2
Leaves not yellowish green on lower surface, hairy below, sometimes sparsely so; buds, young stems and leaves pubescent4
2Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petiole and midvein yellowish; buds and young shoots glabrescent; calyx lobes 3Diospyros fasciculosa
Leaves usually less than 8 cm long; petiole and midvein not yellowish; buds and young shoots pubescent; calyx lobes 4 or 5
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3
3Leaves lanceolate to ovate, apex acute; secondary veins prominent on both surfaces, forming angle of 70–900 with the midvein; calyx lobes 5Diospyros pentamera
Leaves oblong, apex obtuse or bluntly pointed; secondary veins obscure below, visible above, forming angle of c. 450 with the midvein; calyx lobes 4
                       Back to 2
Diospyros australis
4Leaves with secondary veins prominent, curving out to the margin, 7–9 pairs; petiole 2–7 mm long; lamina distinctly hairy below, especially along veins and margins; calyx lobes 4Diospyros mabacea
Leaves with secondary veins distinct but not prominent, more or less straight, more than 12 pairs; petiole less than 3 mm long; lamina sparsely hairy below; calyx lobes 3
                       Back to 1
Diospyros major

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