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Genus Foeniculum Family Apiaceae

Description: Tall biennial or perennial herbs, sometimes annual, glabrous.

Leaves 3–4-pinnate, with segments filiform and a long sheathing base to the hollow petiole.

Inflorescence a compound umbel; bracts and bracteoles usually absent. Flowers bisexual, yellow. Sepals forming a thickened rim at the ovary apex. Petals oblong to obovate, apex rolled inwards. Stylopodium conical.

Fruit rectangular-ovoid, slightly compressed laterally, glabrous; carpophore bifid; mericarps 5-ribbed.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 5 species, Mediterranean, Europe & western Asia. Australia: 1 species (naturalized).

Text by J. M. Powell, except for genera with authors listed
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Foeniculum vulgare

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