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Genus Harnieria Family Acanthaceae

Description: Erect herbs or shrubs, with cystoliths; branches angular, constricted above each node.

Leaves petiolate.

Inflorescences axillary, flowers sessile, solitary or in few-flowered cymes; bracts [small] or conspicuous and obcordate; bracteoles small or absent. Calyx segments 5. Corolla tube wider above, 2-lipped; upper lip triangular, notched, lower lip 3-lobed and slightly longer than upper one. Stamens 2. Ovary with 2 ovules per loculus.

Capsule ellipsoid; seeds usually 4, discoid, smoothly tuberculate all over.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 5–10 species, India, China, Malesia & Australia. Australia: 1 species ( probably endemic).

Text by J. Everett
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Harnieria hygrophiloides

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