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Genus Herpolirion Family Anthericaceae

Description: Mat-forming perennial herbs, roots fibrous with rhizomes.

Leaves cauline, distichous, with membranous open sheath broader than lamina.

Inflorescences subsessile, surrounded by 2–4 bract-like reduced leaves; flowers solitary, terminal. Tepals 6, subequal, free, outer 5-veined, inner 3-veined, not twisting after flowering, persisting around developing fruit. Stamens 6; filaments puberulous; anthers introrse, basifixed, dehiscing by slits. Ovary 3-locular; ovules numerous per loculus; style cylindrical, narrowing to a small stigma.

Fruit a capsule, somewhat trigonous, loculicidal to about halfway; seeds smooth, glossy black with long narrow hilum scar.


Photo © ANBG

Distribution and occurrence: World: 1 species, Australia & New Zealand. Australia: 1 sp (native).

Herpolirion is sometimes placed in the family Hemerocallidaceae.

Text by S. McCune & D.W. Hardin
Taxon concept:

One species in NSW: Herpolirion novae-zelandiae

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