Description: Rhizome long-creeping, slender, covered with brown or reddish, simple or sometimes glandular hairs.
Fronds erect, narrow- to broad-triangular, 2-pinnate or more compound, usually covered with short bristly or gland-tipped hairs.
Sori ± circular, marginal and terminal on a vein to submarginal and not quite terminal on a vein; indusium if present false, a reflexed or partially reflexed flap of the lamina at least partly covering marginal sori, or sometimes sori further from the margin and unprotected.
Distribution and occurrence: World: 40–45 species, chiefly tropical & southern temperate regions. Australia: 8 species, Qld, N.S.W., Vic., Tas.
Text by Peter G. Wilson
| ||Key to the species|| |
|1||Veins ending at the lamina margin in a distinct notch||Hypolepis distans|
|Veins either not reaching the lamina margin, or ending at the lamina margin at the apex of a tooth or lobe||2|
|2||Sori ± covered by an indusium: indusium obvious, false, at least partly colourless and membranous||Hypolepis elegans|
|Sori partly covered by indusium or unprotected: indusium if present marginal, false and green or sori originating away from margin and unprotected (check immature sorus)|
Back to 1
|3||Secondary rachises bearing stiff, non-glandular, septate hairs that are usually curved towards the tip of the rachis; sori with short hairs amongst the sporangia||Hypolepis muelleri|
|Secondary rachises bearing conspicuous, crisped hairs, some with glandular apices; sori lacking hairs|
Back to 2
|4||Stipes brown to orange; primary rachis brown, yellowish or orange-red||Hypolepis glandulifera|
|Stipes and rachises deep red-brown|
Back to 3
|5||Fronds with lamina broad-triangular, 35–115 cm long and 20–60 cm wide; rachises with few, coarse hairs and relatively large tubercles||Hypolepis rugosula|
|Fronds with lamina narrow-triangular, 15–55 cm long and 10–35 cm wide; rachises with numerous, short hairs and small tubercles|
Back to 4