Description: Clump-forming herb; bulb with numerous imbricate fleshy scales; above-ground parts annual; roots fibrous; stem unbranched, erect or ascending.
Leaves numerous, alternate, opposite or sometimes ± whorled, sessile; axillary bulbs sometimes produced.
Inflorescence terminal, racemose, spicate subumbellate or flower solitary. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic, usually large, often funnel-shaped, white or brightly coloured; subtended by leaf-like bracts. Tepals 6, free, nectariferous at base. Stamens 6; anthers versatile, dehiscing by slits, introrse. Ovary superior, cylindrical; loculi 3; style 1, elongate; stigma capitate, 3-lobed or 3-fid; placentation axile.
Fruit a loculicidal capsule; seeds numerous, winged.
Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 75 species, temperate regions of Northern Hemisphere. Australia: 1 species (naturalized).
Text by G. J. Harden (1993); edited KL Wilson (June 2008)
| ||Key to the species|| |
|1||Perianth white ||Lilium formosanum|
|Perianth orange with darker spots||Lilium lancifolium|