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Genus Monotoca Family Ericaceae
Subfamily Epacridoideae

Description: Compact shrubs or small trees with branchlets scabrous to finely bristly.

Leaves oblong-linear, elliptic-oblong or ovate to ± circular, discolorous and often glaucous on lower surface, with fine striate venation and with a callous or mucronate tip; usually distinctly petiolate.

Flowers bisexual or unisexual, usually in few-flowered axillary spikes, rarely terminal and racemose, each flower subtended by a caducous or persistent bract and 2 bracteoles. Sepals 4 or 5, ovate-oblong, ciliate. Corolla tube campanulate, glabrous; lobes triangular, valvate in bud, erect to spreading in flower, glabrous or papillose. Stamens with filaments short, terete, inserted at the top of corolla tube; anthers enclosed or half-exserted. Nectary annular or in scales. Ovary 1- or 2-locular with 1 ovule per loculus; style short; stigma small, lobed.

Fruit a small, somewhat fleshy drupe.


Distribution and occurrence: World: 11 species, endemic Australia. Australia: all States except N.T.

Text by J. M. Powell, except for groups with contributors listed
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Bushy shrub or small tree; flowers many, in racemes crowded at end of branches and longer than the leaves, rarely solitary; bracts caducous; leaves broad-elliptic or obovateMonotoca elliptica
Compact low shrubs; flowers solitary or in few-flowered spikes shorter than the leaves; bracts usually persistent; leaves oblong, ovate to rotund or narrow-elliptic2
2Leaves with aristate tip; petiole yellow-green, scabrous; flowers in clusters of 2–5Monotoca scoparia
Leaves with callous tip; petiole pink or red, glabrous; flowers solitary or two together
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3
3Erect shrub more than 30 cm high; leaves narrow-oblong or narrow-elliptic; corolla tube 0.5–0.8 mm long; ovary oblong-cylindricalMonotoca ledifolia
Prostrate or ascending shrub to 30 cm high; leaves broad-ovate or oblong or more or less circular (particularly early seasonal growth); corolla tube 1–1.3 mm long; ovary depressed-globose
                       Back to 2
Monotoca rotundifolia

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