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Genus Styphelia Family Ericaceae
Subfamily Epacridoideae

Description: Erect to spreading, sometimes decumbent shrubs, branchlets glabrous or hairy; leaf scars ± inconspicuous.

Leaves ovate, oblong, elliptic or obovate, margins entire or toothed, often slightly discolorous, with fine multi-striate venation and usually with an aristate tip; sessile or scarcely petiolate.

Flowers axillary, solitary, with bract-like rudiment of a second, or rarely 2 or 3 on a very short peduncle; bracts several, grading upwards in size to the larger bracteoles; all ciliolate. Sepals 5, usually coloured, ciliate near apex. Corolla tube cylindrical, elongated, hairy inside at the throat and with 5 tufts of hairs, sometimes confluent in a ring below the middle, or rarely glabrous; lobes valvate in bud, linear, bearded inside, revolute and exposing the stamens. Stamens with filaments filiform, free from the throat, glabrous; anthers exserted, free, linear. Nectary cup-shaped or in distinct scales. Ovary 5-locular with 1 ovule per loculus; style filiform, longer than corolla tube; stigma small.

Fruit an ovoid drupe with a dry or slightly pulpy mesocarp and a hard bony endocarp.


Photo © ANBG

Herbarium
Sheet

Distribution and occurrence: World: 14 species, endemic Australia. Australia: all States except N.T.

Text by J. M. Powell, except for groups with contributors listed
Taxon concept:

 Key to the species 
1Branchlets with medium to long silky hairs2
Branchlets glabrous or with short stiff hairs6
2Most leaves convex, oblong to obovateStyphelia tubiflora
Most leaves flat to concave, lanceolate to ovate or elliptic
                       Back to 1
3
3Leaves broad-ovate or broad-elliptic, more than 6 mm wide, usually concaveStyphelia laeta
Leaves narrow-elliptic or narrow-ovate or lanceolate, less than 5.5 mm wide, often flat
                       Back to 2
4
4Leaves 24–48 mm long; apex concave; margins entireStyphelia longifolia
Leaves 5–29 mm long; apex flat; margins toothed
                       Back to 3
5
5Flowers pendent; peduncle 1–2 mm long; leaves lanceolate to narrow-ovateStyphelia angustifolia
Flowers erect; sessile; most leaves elliptic to more or less oblanceolate
                       Back to 4
Styphelia adscendens
6Branchlets usually glabrous; leaves with margins entire7
Branchlets scabrous to minutely bristly; leaves with margins toothed or minutely fringed
                       Back to 1
8
7Most leaves oblong, apex obtuse; lamina flat to slightly convex, margins recurved; sepals 5–7 mm longStyphelia psiloclada
Most leaves elliptic to oblong-elliptic, apex acute; lamina flat to slightly concave, margins not recurved; sepals 8–13 mm long
                       Back to 6
Styphelia triflora
8Most leaves elliptic; lamina slightly convex, margins recurved, distinctly toothed; flowers pendent; peduncles 4–5 mm longStyphelia perileuca
Most leaves oblong; lamina flat to slightly concave, margins not recurved, minutely fringed; flowers erect or spreading; peduncles 1.5–3.5 mm long
                       Back to 6
Styphelia viridis

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