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Onopordum illyricum L. subsp. illyricum Family Asteraceae
Common name: Illyrian Thistle

Onopordum illyricum subsp. illyricum L. APNI*

Description: Annual or biennial to 1.5 m high; stems woolly with continuous spiny wings to 10 mm wide.

Basal leaves oblanceolate to elliptic, to 55 cm long, to 15 cm wide, deeply pinnatisect, with numerous spines to 10 mm long, base decurrent on stem, white- or grey-tomentose.

Heads few in a terminal corymb, pedunculate; involucral bracts lanceolate to 3 cm long, with a short apical spine, outer bracts cobwebby and recurved, inner bracts glabrous, erect. Florets purple.

Achenes compressed-obovoid, 4–5 mm long; pappus bristles c. 1 cm long, plumose.


Flowering: December–February

Distribution and occurrence: Weed of pastures, roadsides and wasteland, south from Quirindi area. Native of Eur. & W Asia.
NSW subdivisions: *ST, *NWS, *CWS, *SWS
Other Australian states: *Vic. *S.A.
AVH map***


The single subspecies in NSW. Characters and distribution as for the species in NSW.

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.

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