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Wurmbea dioica (R.Br.) F.Muell. subsp. dioica Family Colchicaceae
Common name: Early Nancy

Wurmbea dioica subsp. dioica (R.Br.) F.Muell. APNI*

Synonyms: Anguillaria dioica R.Br. APNI*

Description: Herb 5–30 cm high; dioecious or polygamous.

Leaves 3, well separated or occasionally lower 2 basal, 15–35 cm long; lowest leaf filiform or linear, 0.2–4 mm wide, occasionally to 5 mm; second leaf filiform or lanceolate and tapering, base dilated or occasionally like lowest leaf; upper leaf dilated with short or long narrow apical portion.

Inflorescence open, 1–11-flowered, usually 2–7; flowers unisexual and bisexual. Tepals 3.5–11.5 mm long, white with purple nectaries; nectary 1 per tepal, a quarter to half from base, a slightly thickened transverse band, occasionally with a partial or complete but narrow break at middle. Stamens half to two-thirds as long as tepals; anthers c. 1 mm long, red or purple.

Capsule 5–10 mm long.


Flower
Photo A.E. Orme

Herbarium
Sheet

Herbarium
Sheet

Flowering: spring.

Distribution and occurrence: Widespread over the whole State. Also in Qld, Vic, Tas, SA.

Grows in forest and woodland, and on loam flats.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST, NWS, CWS, SWS, NWP, SWP, NFWP, SFWP
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Tas. S.A.
AVH map***

Replaced by W. citrina in the far inland parts of the State on reddish soils.

Text by GJ Harden (1993); edtited KL Wilson (Sept 2015)
Taxon concept:

The single subspecies in NSW. Characters and distribution as for the species in NSW.

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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