Common name: red-stemmed wattle, myrtle wattle
Acacia myrtifolia (Sm.) Willd. APNI*
Synonyms: Racosperma myrtifolium (Sm.) Mart. APNI*
Acacia acutifolia Maiden & Blakely APNI*
Description: Prostrate to erect shrub 0.3–3 m high; bark smooth, grey; branchlets angled with prominent ridges, becoming terete, usually reddish, often pruinose, glabrous.
Phyllodes elliptic to narrowly elliptic or obovate to oblanceolate, usually slightly curved, 2–9 cm long, 5–30 mm wide, glabrous, green, midvein and marginal veins prominent, lateral veins faint, apex subacute with a mucro; 1 small gland mostly 5–20 mm above pulvinus; pulvinus < 2 mm long.
Inflorescences 3–8 in an axillary raceme (racemes often indefinite and ‘leafy’ with 1 or 2 heads appearing simple in axil of phyllodes); axis mostly 1–5 cm long, sometimes to 11 cm long with up to 16 heads; peduncles usually 2–7 mm long (sometimes to 10 mm long), glabrous; heads globose, 2–8-flowered, 6–13 mm diam., pale yellow to ± white.
Pods slightly or strongly curved, ± flat, ± straight-sided or barely constricted between seeds, 4–11 cm long, 2.5–5 mm wide, thinly woody to firm and brittle when dry, glabrous; margins prominent, pale, ± undulate; seeds longitudinal; funicle expanded towards seed.
Flowering: usually June–October.
Distribution and occurrence: mainly in coastal areas, west to Lithgow district.
Grows chiefly in dry sclerophyll forest and woodland.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT
Other Australian states: Qld Vic.
The name refers to the likeness of the phyllodes to the leaves of the European myrtle.
Text by P.G. Kodela
Taxon concept: P.G. Kodela & G.J. Harden, Flora of NSW Vol. 2 (2002)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
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