Common name: silver wattle, oleander wattle
Acacia neriifolia A.Cunn. ex Benth. APNI*
Synonyms: Racosperma neriifolium (A.Cunn. ex Benth.) Pedley APNI*
Description: Erect or spreading shrub or tree 3–8 m high; branchlets angled or flattened towards apices, finely pubescent with appressed silvery white hairs (often yellowish on young shoots), sometimes glabrescent, sometimes pruinose.
Phyllodes very narrowly elliptic to ± linear, straight or slightly curved, mostly 5–15 cm long and 4–9 mm wide (rarely to 12 mm wide), usually finely appressed-hairy, ± silvery, midvein prominent, lateral veins ± obscure, apex acute with a mucro; 1–3 small, ± prominent glands along margin, the lowermost usually 0–10 mm above pulvinus; pulvinus 1.5–4 mm long.
Inflorescences usually 8–20 in an axillary raceme; axis mostly 3–9 cm long; peduncles 3–5 mm long, appressed-hairy; heads globose, 20–40-flowered, 3.5–7 mm diam., yellow or bright yellow.
Pods straight to slightly curved, ± flat, barely to slightly or irregularly more deeply constricted between seeds, 6–18 cm long, 6–10 mm wide, thinly leathery, with scattered appressed hairs to ± glabrous, often slightly pruinose; seeds longitudinal; funicle filiform.
Flowering: usually July–October.
Distribution and occurrence: chiefly on the Tablelands and Slopes, mostly north from Tamworth and Barradine districts.
Grows in dry sclerophyll forest and woodland, often on granite outcrops.
NSW subdivisions: NC, NT, NWS, CWS, NWP
Other Australian states: Qld
A rather variable but distinctive species, and some juvenile bipinnate leaves may be retained for some time on older plants. The name refers to the likeness of the phyllodes to the leaves of the oleander (genus Nerium).
Text by P.G. Kodela
Taxon concept: P.G. Kodela & G.J. Harden, Flora of NSW Vol. 2 (2002)
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