Common name: Bolivia wattle
Acacia pycnostachya F.Muell. ex Benth. APNI*
Synonyms: Racosperma pycnostachyum (F.Muell.) Pedley APNI*
Description: Erect or spreading shrub or tree 1–8 m high; bark finely fissured, light brownish grey; branchlets stout, strongly angled or flattened, glabrous, pruinose.
Phyllodes elliptic to narrowly elliptic or sometimes slightly obovate or oblong-elliptic, subfalcate or falcate, 6–10 cm long, 15–30 mm wide, longitudinal veins numerous, closely spaced, rarely anastomosing, 3 or more slightly more prominent, (2-) 3–4 (-6) veins per mm, apex subacute or obtuse, immature phyllodes hairy only on margins, mature phyllodes glabrous; glands absent or 1 inconspicuous gland at base.
Inflorescences 1 or 2 on a short axillary axis 1–9 mm long; peduncles 2–5 mm long, glabrous; heads cylindrical, 3–6 cm long, bright yellow. Flowers 5-merous (rarely 4-merous amongst predominantly 5-merous flowers).
Pods ± straight, ± flat except slightly raised over seeds, straight-sided to barely constricted between seeds, 4–12 cm long, 3–4 mm wide, thinly leathery, longitudinally wrinkled when dry, sparsely hairy; seeds longitudinal; funicle folded several times forming a large aril.
Distribution and occurrence: from Bolivia Hill to the Qld border northwest of Tenterfield; rare.
Grows in dry sclerophyll forest amongst granite outcrops.
NSW subdivisions: NT
Threatened species: NSW BCA: Vulnerable; Commonwealth EPBC: Vulnerable
The name refers to the dense flower spike.
Text by P.G. Kodela (last updated May 2012)
Taxon concept: P.G. Kodela & G.J. Harden, Flora of NSW Vol. 2 (2002)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.