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Acacia suaveolens (Sm.) Willd.
Family Fabaceae
Subfamily Mimosoideae
Common name: sweet wattle

Acacia suaveolens (Sm.) Willd. APNI*

Synonyms: Racosperma suaveolens (Sm.) Mart. APNI*
Acacia suaveolens (Sm.) Willd. subsp. myallensis D.A.Morrison & A.Rupp APNI*
Acacia suaveolens (Sm.) Willd. subsp. prostrata D.A.Morrison & A.J.Rupp APNI*
Acacia suaveolens (Sm.) Willd. subsp. montana D.A.Morrison & A.Rupp APNI*
Acacia angustifolia (Jacq.) H.L.Wendl. APNI*

Description: Prostrate to erect shrub 0.3–2.5 m high; bark smooth, purplish brown or light green; branchlets angled or flattened, glabrous.

Phyllodes narrowly oblanceolate or very narrowly elliptic to linear, straight to slightly curved, 5–15 cm long, 2–10 mm wide, glabrous, ± glaucous, midvein prominent, lateral veins obscure or not evident, margins ± prominent, apex acute with a mucro; 1 small gland near base and another normally at mucro; pulvinus 1–2 mm long.

Inflorescences usually 5–10 in an axillary raceme; axis 1–3 cm long; peduncles 1–5 mm long, glabrous; before opening raceme enclosed in imbricate bracts c. 5 mm long; heads globose, 3–10-flowered, 4–7 mm diam., pale yellow to ± white.

Pods ± straight, ± flat, ± straight-sided, 2–5 cm long, 8–19 mm wide, thinly leathery to brittle, glabrous, pruinose; margins prominent; seeds transverse; funicle expanded towards seed.


Illustration
C. Wardrop

Habit
Photo T.M. Tame

Flower
Photo T.M. Tame

Fruit
Photo J. & P. Edwards

Other photo
Photo D. Hardin

Herbarium
Sheet

Type
Specimen

Flowering: April–September.

Distribution and occurrence: west to Mount Victoria.

Grows in heath and dry sclerophyll forest or woodland, in sandy soil; chiefly on the coast.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, CT, ST
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Tas. S.A.
AVH map***

The name alludes to the sweet scent of the flowers. Similar to the South Australian species Acacia iteaphylla which is a more bushy shrub and has the seeds longitudionally placed in the pod. Several subspecies are recognized in Morrison & Rupp (1995). An individual plant with pink inflorescences and somewhat darker bluish green phyllodes has been recorded in the Sydney region, July 2011.

Text by P.G. Kodela (last updated July 2011)
Taxon concept: P.G. Kodela & G.J. Harden, Flora of NSW Vol. 2 (2002)


APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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