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Acianthus fornicatus R.Br.
Family Orchidaceae
Common name: Pixie Caps

Acianthus fornicatus R.Br. APNI*

Synonyms: Acianthus fornicatus var. fornicatus R.Br. APNI*
Acianthus ledwardii Rupp APNI*

Description: Terrestrial herb.

Leaf 10–40 mm long, 10–20 mm wide, upper surface dark green, lower surface reddish purple.

Raceme 10–30 cm high, 1–10-flowered. Flowers 10–14 mm long, translucent pinkish with a green or dark purplish red labellum. Dorsal sepal broad-ovate, cucullate, 9–12 mm long, 5–6 mm wide. Lateral sepals linear to lanceolate, 9–12 mm long, c. 1.4 mm wide, with a red central stripe; apical point 2–3 mm long. Petals narrow-ovate to lanceolate, c. 4 mm long, c. 1.5 mm wide, with a red central stripe. Labellum ovate to lanceolate, distal margins revolute, usually broad-cordate when flattened, 5–6 mm long, 2.5–3.2 mm wide, acuminate; callus thick, fleshy, papillose near the apex.

Photo J. Plaza

Photo J. Plaza

Flowering: May–Aug.

Distribution and occurrence: Grows in coastal scrub and moist forest; widespread north of Eden.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC
Other Australian states: Qld
AVH map***

Text by D. L. Jones
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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