? 20--100 years.
Flowers Green or cream, May--September.
Fruit/seed Succulent fruit (drupe), 3 mm diam., bright or dark red, mature September--December.
Dispersal, establishment and growth Diaspore: fruit, possibly bird-dispersed. Germination difficult and slow, 3--7 months (A. Bofeldt pers. comm.).
Fire response Killed by high intensity fire (at Narrabeen Lake 1/1994, P. Kubiak pers. comm.).
Interaction with other organisms Fruit eaten by birds (A. Bofeldt pers. comm.).
Well-drained slopes and banks, sheltered areas, gullies, creek banks (A. Bofeldt pers. comm.).
Altitude 0--1200 m
Annual rainfall above 800 mm
Typical local abundance Rare--occasional.
Vegetation Heath and low scrub e.g. Allocasuarina distyla. Moist eucalypt forest e.g. with Syncarpia glomulifera, Allocasuarina torulosa, Angophora costata. Warm temperate rainforest and rainforest/open-forest ecotone (A. Bofeldt pers. comm.).
Substrate Poor sandy soils from sandstone, shale, low nutrients. Sometimes rocky areas, very well drained (A. Bofeldt pers. comm.).
Exposure Sheltered, mid--deep shade.
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.