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Banksia ericifolia L.f.
Family Proteaceae
Common name: Heath-leaved Banksia, Wadanggari (Cadigal)

Banksia ericifolia L.f. APNI*

Description: Tall bushy shrub or small tree to 6 m high, without lignotuber, single-stemmed at base; bark ± corky, grey-brown; branchlets smooth with lenticels.

Leaves alternate, crowded, linear, 0.9–2 cm long, often c. 1 cm long and 1 mm wide, apex truncate or notched with a small tooth at each side, base attenuate, margins revolute, entire; lower surface tomentose; ± sessile.

Conflorescences usually 10–20 cm long. Perianth 16–28 mm long, golden-brown, often mauve towards base, persistent. Style hooked below apex, gold to orange-red, persistent.

Follicles many, ± oblong, c. 15–20 mm long, the upper surface convex, prominently ridged on each side; usually opening with fire.


Illustration
D. Mackay

Flower
Photo T.M. Tame

Flowering: Flowers Apr.–Aug.

Distribution and occurrence: Grows in heath, dry sclerophyll forest and woodland, widespread on the coast and ranges, from Jervis Bay to the Qld border.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, CT, ST
AVH map***

Text by G.J. Harden
Taxon concept:

 Key to the subspecies 
1Seedling leaves with 2–6 teeth on each margin; perianth 19–22 mm long, limb pubescent. Gynoecium 30–35 mm longsubsp. ericifolia
Seedling leaves with 1, rarely 2 teeth on each margin; perianth 25–28 mm long, limb hirsute. Gynoecium 46–48 mm longsubsp. macrantha

APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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