Common name: Hairpin Banksia
Banksia spinulosa Sm. APNI*
Description: Multistemmed shrub to 3 m high, lignotuber present; bark smooth to tessellated, grey-brown; branchlets tomentose to hirsute.
Leaves alternate, scattered, narrow-linear to oblong or narrow-elliptic, 3–10 cm long, 1–10 mm wide, apex obtuse to truncate, base cuneate, margins flat to recurved or revolute, mucronate, usually toothed in upper part, lower surface concealed or conspicuous; petiole 1–3 mm long.
Conflorescences 6–15 cm long. Perianth 20–30 mm long, yellow or golden, persistent. Style hooked below apex, yellow throughout or dark red to purple-black in upper part, falling within a year.
Follicles up to 100, very crowded, 10–24 mm long, opening either with fire or spontaneously.
Flowering: Flowers Apr.–Aug.
Distribution and occurrence: Widespread in heath and dry sclerophyll forest and woodland.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST
Other Australian states: Qld
Text by G.J. Harden
Taxa not yet included in identification key
Banksia spinulosa var. collina-spinulosa intergrade
| ||Key to the varieties|| |
|1||Leaves narrow-linear, 1–2 mm wide, margins revolute and usually finely toothed towards apex, lower surface mostly concealed, venation not prominent||var. spinulosa|
|Leaves broad-linear to oblanceolate, 3–8 mm wide, margins flat or recurved, acutely toothed for most of length, lower surface white-tomentose, lateral venation evident||var. collina|
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.