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Bothriochloa biloba S.T.Blake
Family Poaceae
Bothriochloa biloba S.T.Blake APNI*

Description: Erect or decumbent caespitose perennial to 1 m high; culms often branching from the nodes.

Leaves with sheath loose, keeled, glabrous; ligule 1–2 mm long, ciliolate; blade 3–5 mm wide, glabrous or with scattered tubercle-based hairs.

Racemes 3–6, subdigitate, villous with white or purplish hairs, 4–10 cm long; joints and pedicels with hairs to 6 mm long. Sessile spikelet acute, 6–8 mm long; the callus densely bearded. Lower glume ciliate, not pitted but slightly depressed along the middle, scaberulous above, pilose on the lower part; upper glume acute, scaberulous above, 1-keeled. Lower lemma acute, 60–80% as long as the glumes; upper lemma 3–4.5 mm long, with 2 filiform lobes 0.75–1.5 mm long; awn to 3 cm long including the lemma, geniculate; palea 1–2 mm long. Stamens 3. Pedicellate spikelets 4–6 mm long, linear-lanceolate, acute, reduced to the glumes.


Herbarium
Sheet

Herbarium
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Type
Specimen

Flowering: summer.

Distribution and occurrence: Commonly found on clay soils.

Woodlands and grasslands.
NSW subdivisions: NC, ?CC, NT, NWS, CWS, NWP, SWP
Other Australian states: Qld
AVH map***

Text by S. W. L. Jacobs & C. A. Wall
Taxon concept: J.M. Bean (1999)


APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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