Common name: Field Marigold
Calendula arvensis L. APNI*
Description: Annual herb 5–40 cm high, erect to ascending, glandular-pubescent, often sticky.
Leaves lanceolate to oblong, 2–6 cm long, 3–18 mm wide, base stem-clasping, margins entire or finely toothed, surfaces pubescent to scabrous.
Heads solitary, 5–15 mm diam.; involucral bracts 2-seriate, 4–8 mm long, pubescent, often with dark apices. Ray florets in 2 or 3 rows; ligules linear, 3-toothed at apex, orange-yellow. Outer achenes 1–1.5 cm long, erect with crested spines to 5 mm long and shortly beaked, intermediate achenes boat-shaped, inner achenes smaller, strongly curved; glabrous to hairy.
Flowering: mainly spring.
Distribution and occurrence: Weed of pastures, woodland and wasteland in settled areas, west to the Kinchega N.P. area, uncommon. Native of Medit. region.
NSW subdivisions: *CC, *NT, *CT, *CWS, *NWP, *SWP, *SFWP
Other Australian states: *Qld *Vic. *Tas. *S.A.
Text by J. A. Scott
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 3 (1992)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.