Carex pumila Thunb. ex Murray APNI*
Description: Rhizome very long; shoots loosely tufted.
Culms erect, terete to trigonous, smooth, 5–20 cm long, c. 1 mm diam.
Leaves exceeding culms, to 50 cm long; blade 2.5–6 mm wide; sheath yellow-brown; ligule rounded to truncate. Inflorescence erect, narrow, 5–10 cm long, with 4–7 spikes solitary at nodes; lowest involucral bracts exceeding inflorescence. Spikes sessile, erect at maturity; 1–4 upper spikes male, 1–4 cm long, ± contiguous; lower spikes female, ± distant, 1.5–2 cm long, more than twice the diam. of the male spikes. Glumes acute to obtuse, yellow-brown to red-brown with whitish margins near apex; female glumes 3.5–4 mm long. Utricles broad-ovoid, obscurely nerved, 4.5–8 mm long, 2.0–3.5 mm diam., glabrous, thick, corky, yellow-brown, occasionally tinged dark red-brown; beak c. 1 mm long, with apex 2-fid. Anthers 2.3–3 mm long excluding appendage to 0.2 mm long. Style 3-fid.
Nut ovoid, trigonous in cross section, yellow-brown.
Distribution and occurrence: Grows on coastal sand dunes.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, ST, LHI
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. Tas. S.A.
Text by K. L. Wilson
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)
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