Common name: Coriander, Cilantro
Coriandrum sativum L. APNI*
Description: Erect herb 15–35 cm high, glabrous.
Lower leaves 1–2-pinnate, 2–6 cm long; long petiolate, sheathing at base; leaflets oblong to ovate, margins serrate. Leaves subtending inflorescences dissected, sessile to short petiolate; segments narrow-linear, margins entire.
Inflorescence a compound umbel with 3–4 rays; rays 8–14 mm long; bracts few or absent, bracteoles simple, reflexed. Umbellules with 6–16 bisexual flowers and up to six smaller male flowers. Peduncles 10–24 mm long. Sepals 0.2–1.9 mm long. Petals white; three outer petals in the peripheral flowers of each outer umbellule elongated with "wings"; 32–42 mm long; inner petals 11–14 mm long.
Fruit 3.2–3.5 mm long, mericarps with five primary ribs alternating with 4 secondary ribs.
Distribution and occurrence: Widely grown as a herb and condiment, naturalized garden escape. Native of Medit.
Occasionally growing amongst pasture and other agricultural crops
NSW subdivisions: *CC, *CWS, *NWP, *NWS
Other Australian states: *Qld
Text by (edited 2009)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.