Common name: swamp lily, river lily
Crinum pedunculatum R.Br. APNI*
Synonyms: Crinum asiaticum var. pedunculatum (R.Br.) Fosberg & Sachet APNI*
Crinum norfolkianum A.Cunn. ex Heward APNI*
Description: Plant with pseudostem to 45 cm high.
Leaves numerous on pseudostem, broad-linear, usually 50–120 cm long, 5–15 cm wide, margins smooth; upper leaves erect, lower leaves spreading.
Scape to 150 cm high; umbel 10–40-flowered; bracts papery, to 15 cm long; pedicels 1.5–5 cm long. Flowers scented. Perianth tube 4–10 cm long; lobes lanceolate, 4–8 cm long, decurving, white. Stamens with filaments 3–6.5 cm long, pink, red or purple; anthers 10–25 mm long, straight, purple or black. Beak on ovary to 5 mm long.
Distribution and occurrence: Grows in swamps and along stream banks in coastal districts and on offshore islands; north from Jervis Bay district.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, LHI
Other Australian states: Qld N.T.
This has been treated as a subspecies of C. asiaticum by a few authors, but that does not seem well-founded on present evidence - further study is needed. The C. asiaticum group is a mess - not least because it is not clear what is typical C. asiaticum.
Text by G. J. Harden & N. Frischknecht (1993); edited KL Wilson (Feb 2011; Aug 2013)
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.