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Common name: Barbed Wire Grass
Cymbopogon refractus (R.Br.) A.Camus APNI*
Description: Caespitose perennial to 1 m high.
Leaves with ligule c. 2 mm long, jagged; blade 1.25–2 mm wide.
Panicle linear, c. 5–8-noded; primary branches 5–25 mm long; spathes narrow, 20–25 mm long, often reddish. Racemes not densely hairy, soon conspicuously divergent and reflexed, c. 10–20 mm long, c. 2–6-jointed. Sessile spikelets c. 4.5–6 mm long; callus shortly bearded. Lower glume 4- or 5-nerved; upper glume c. 7-nerved, subequal or very slightly shorter than the lower glume. Lower lemma c. 4.5 mm long, 1-nerved; upper lemma c. 3.5 mm long, 1-nerved, sometimes with a fine bristle 1–12 mm long. Pedicellate spikelet c. 5 mm long, narrower than the sessile spikelet. Lower glume c. 11-nerved; upper glume c. 60% as long, with finely ciliolate margins. Lemmas absent.
Flowering: mostly spring to autumn.
Distribution and occurrence: Widespread on poor soils.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, SC, NT, CT, ST, NWS, CWS, NWP, SWP, NFWP
Other Australian states: Qld Vic. N.T.
Text by S. W. L. Jacobs & C. A. Wall
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.