Common name: Holly Fern
Cyrtomium falcatum (L.f.) C.Presl APNI*
Synonyms: Phanerophlebia falcata (L.f.) Copel. APNI*
Description: Rhizome short, scales reddish brown.
Fronds to 50 cm long, pinnate, with a terminal pinna; stipes very scaly at the base; pinnae numerous (9–15 pairs), leathery, shiny, variously shaped, usually 6 cm long, the margin with irregular, acuminate teeth; veins anastomosing.
Sori circular, evenly spread on the lower surface; indusium peltate, ± persistent.
Distribution and occurrence: Naturalized in crevices of cliffs and walls near Sydney harbour and on the coast; a garden escape. Native of Japan.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *SC, *LHI
Other Australian states: *Qld *Vic. *S.A.
Text by Peter G. Wilson
APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.