Digitaria violascens Link APNI*
Synonyms: Digitaria violescens sensu Green (1994) APNI*
Digitaria violescens Link sensu Green (1994) APNI*
Description: Geniculate-ascending or sub-erect annuals to c. 60 cm tall, sometimes rooting at the lower nodes.
Nodes glabrous. Sheaths glabrous, or the lower sometimes sprinkled with hairs especially towards the margins; ligule 1–2 mm long, truncate; blade mostly 2–6 mm wide, glabrous.
Inflorescence at length much exserted on a very slender peduncle, consisting of 2–13 suberect or slightly upwards spreading or recurved racemes, on an axis 0.5–2 cm long, the lowest raceme sometimes solitary and a little remote, the upper or all sub-approximate; racemes subequal, slender, 5–10 cm long, bearing crowded appressed subimbricate spikelets in similar triplets right to the base in 2 rows on 1 side of the flattened rachis, the rachis with the wings broader than the midrib, the pedicels short, the longer fused below with the rachis, scabrous, minutely cupulate at the apex but without a coronula of hairs. Spikelets pallid, 1.3–1.8 mm long and c. 0.7 mm wide, rather broadly elliptical, acute or subacute, compressed. Lower glume minute or absent; upper glume and sterile lemma puberulous between the nerves with short crinkled hairs with verrucose walls; upper glume slightly shorter and narrower than the spikelet, 3-nerved; sterile lemma equalling the spikelet, 3–7-nerved with the 3 central nerves closer together than the lateral nerves. Fertile lemma conspicuously black, shining, almost as long as the spikelet to slightly exceeding it at maturity, acute.
Distribution and occurrence: Minor weed of higher rainfall areas.
NSW subdivisions: *NC, *CC, *NT, *CWS, *LHI
Other Australian states: *Qld
Text by Jacobs, S.W.L., Whalley, R.D.B. & Wheeler, D.J.B.
Taxon concept: Grasses of New South Wales, Fourth Edition (2008).
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