Common name: Hairy Millet
Echinochloa oryzoides (Ard.) Fritsch APNI*
Description: Erect annual to 1 m high.
Leaves with ligule absent; blade to 9 mm wide, mostly glabrous.
Panicle mostly 10–17 cm long, hanging to 1 side; lower racemes to 4 cm long. Spikelets mostly elliptic, 4–7 mm long, acuminate, awnless to strongly awned. Lower glume 30–50% length of spikelet, acute to acuminate, 3–5-nerved; upper subequal to fertile floret, acuminate, 5–7-nerved. Lower lemma similar in size and shape to spikelet, acuminate or with an awn to 5 cm long, 7-nerved. Fertile lemma broad-elliptic, 3.5–4.5 mm long, acute with a greenish tip, smooth, shining, yellowish to greyish, obscurely 5-nerved. Lower palea subequal to lower lemma. Upper palea subequal to fertile lemma, similar in texture.
Distribution and occurrence: Weed of rice-fields and irrigation channels and drains. Native of S Eur. to eastern Asia.
NSW subdivisions: *NWS, *CWS, *SWS, *NWP, *SWP
Text by S. W. L. Jacobs & T. A. James
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 4 (1993)
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