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Epacris longiflora Cav.
Family Ericaceae
Subfamily Styphelioideae
Common name: Fuchsia Heath

Epacris longiflora Cav. APNI*

Description: Erect to spreading shrub, 50–200 cm high; stems with prominent short broad leaf scars; branchlets villous.

Leaves spreading to ± reflexed, ovate, 5.6–17 mm long, 3–6.6 mm wide, apex acuminate, base obtuse or cordate, margins minutely toothed; lamina thin, flat, sometimes scabrous on upper surface.

Flowers extending down branches, initially erect, later pendent, 5–6 mm diam., red-tubed with white lobes, or all white; peduncle to 2 mm long; bracts usually long-acuminate. Sepals 4.5–6 mm long. Corolla tube 12–27 mm long; lobes erect to spreading, 2.4–4.4 mm long. Anthers hidden in tube.

Capsule 3–4 mm long.


Habit
Photo Tanja Lenz

Flower
Photo D. Hardin

Other photo
Photo L.L. Lee

Herbarium
Sheet

Flowering: throughout year, less so in summer.

Distribution and occurrence: Grows in sandy soils on cliff faces and heath to woodland margins and dry sclerophyll forest, north from Berry.
NSW subdivisions: NC, CC, NT, CT
Other Australian states: Qld
AVH map***

Text by J. M. Powell, except for groups with contributors listed
Taxon concept: Flora of NSW 3 (1992)


ECOLOGY

Life History
Vegetative spread No.

Longevity 5--20 years.

Flowers Red with white lobes, or white, at any time of year, peak June--October.

Fruit/seed Capsule, 3--4 mm long, , seed size 0.74 x 0.5 mm (Powell & James 1993), average seed weight 0.10--0.15 mg (J. Howell pers. comm.).

Dispersal, establishment and growth Diaspore: seed, no special dispersal morphology (Westoby et al. 1990). Soil-stored seedbank

Fire response Killed, regenerates from soil-stored seed. Seedlings reported after a low intensity burn (Bradley 1972) and after high intensity fire 1/94 (at Lane Cove, P. Kubiak pers. comm.).

Interaction with other organisms Weed growth at base of plant in cultivation can cause sweating resulting in death of plant (Jones & Elliot 1986).


Habitat
Habitat Sheltered seepage areas in rocky outcrops, headlands.

Altitude 0--760 m                                      Annual rainfall 1000--1600 mm

Typical local abundance Frequent--occasional.

Vegetation In wet heath e.g. with Darwinia fascicularis, Melaleuca nodosa, Kunzea ambigua, Acacia longifolia, Allocasuarina distyla; eucalypt forest and woodland e.g. with Corymbia gummifera, Eucalyptus piperita, Angophora costata, Eucalyptus sieberi; moist cliff vegetation e.g. with Dracophyllum secundum, Todea barbara.

Substrate Sandy soil, often on sandstone outcrops along seepage lines, low nutrients.

Exposure Sheltered, mid-shade.


APNI* Provides a link to the Australian Plant Name Index (hosted by the Australian National Botanic Gardens) for comprehensive bibliographic data
***The AVH map option provides a detailed interactive Australia wide distribution map drawn from collections held by all major Australian herbaria participating in the Australian Virtual Herbarium project.
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